When most people think of India, they imagine Rajasthan, whether they know it or not. Literally translated, the state’s name means “Land of Kings,” and it was the birthplace of the Indus Valley Civilization, one of the three early civilizations of the Old World dating back to 7500 B.C. Eventually it became the seat of the powerful Rajput kings and, later, an important holding during the British colonial era. Today, evidence of Rajasthan’s history abounds at every turn, from its towering forts and palaces to its ancient cities and religious temples, but modern India can be found here too, in bustling morning markets, brilliantly colored textiles, striking arid landscapes, and traditional cuisine. To get the most out of your trip to Rajasthan, here are 20 experiences not to miss. —Abbey Chase